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The Envoy: Navigating a Turbulent World, From Kabul to the White House

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Zalmay Khalilzad grew up in a traditional family in the ancient city of Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan. As a teenager, Khalilzad spent a year as an exchange student in California, where after some initial culture shocks he began to see the merits of America's very different way of life. He believed the ideals that make American culture work, like personal initiative, Zalmay Khalilzad grew up in a traditional family in the ancient city of Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan. As a teenager, Khalilzad spent a year as an exchange student in California, where after some initial culture shocks he began to see the merits of America's very different way of life. He believed the ideals that make American culture work, like personal initiative, community action, and respect for women, could make a transformative difference to his home country, the Muslim world and beyond. Of course, 17-year-old Khalilzad never imagined that he would one day be in a position to advance such ideas. With 9/11, he found himself uniquely placed to try to shape mutually beneficial relationships between his two worlds. As U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan and Iraq, he helped craft two constitutions and forge governing coalitions. As U.S. Ambassador to the UN, he used his unique personal diplomacy to advance U.S. interests and values. In The Envoy, Khalilzad details his experiences under three presidential administrations with candid behind-the-scenes insights. He argues that America needs an intelligent, effective foreign policy informed by long-term thinking and supported by bipartisan commitment. Part memoir, part record of a political insider, and part incisive analysis of the current Middle East, The Envoyarrives in time for foreign policy discussions leading up to the 2016 election.


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Zalmay Khalilzad grew up in a traditional family in the ancient city of Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan. As a teenager, Khalilzad spent a year as an exchange student in California, where after some initial culture shocks he began to see the merits of America's very different way of life. He believed the ideals that make American culture work, like personal initiative, Zalmay Khalilzad grew up in a traditional family in the ancient city of Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan. As a teenager, Khalilzad spent a year as an exchange student in California, where after some initial culture shocks he began to see the merits of America's very different way of life. He believed the ideals that make American culture work, like personal initiative, community action, and respect for women, could make a transformative difference to his home country, the Muslim world and beyond. Of course, 17-year-old Khalilzad never imagined that he would one day be in a position to advance such ideas. With 9/11, he found himself uniquely placed to try to shape mutually beneficial relationships between his two worlds. As U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan and Iraq, he helped craft two constitutions and forge governing coalitions. As U.S. Ambassador to the UN, he used his unique personal diplomacy to advance U.S. interests and values. In The Envoy, Khalilzad details his experiences under three presidential administrations with candid behind-the-scenes insights. He argues that America needs an intelligent, effective foreign policy informed by long-term thinking and supported by bipartisan commitment. Part memoir, part record of a political insider, and part incisive analysis of the current Middle East, The Envoyarrives in time for foreign policy discussions leading up to the 2016 election.

30 review for The Envoy: Navigating a Turbulent World, From Kabul to the White House

  1. 5 out of 5

    mohamadadali abtahi

    خاطرات زلمای خلیل زاد یک کتاب جدید خواندم.اسمش فرستاده بود. نوشته زلمای خلیل زاد، سفیرپیشین ایلت متحده در افغانستان و عراق و سازمان ملل اساسا خواندن خاطرات افراد مهمی که با آنها معاصر باشی و از فید بک های رفتاری که آنها نقل میکنند، خاطره داشته باشی، خیلی شیرین تر می شود.آقای خلیل زاد یک افغانستانی عادی بوده که بابورسیه آمریکایی ها در کودکی به آنجا رفته و نهایتا یک مقام عالیرتبه سیاسی شده است. اصالت افغانی اش و میزان تحصیلات عالیه اش همزمان با حمله آمریکا به افغانستان موقعیت خوبی در اختیار زلمای خاطرات زلمای خلیل زاد یک کتاب جدید خواندم.اسمش فرستاده بود. نوشته زلمای خلیل زاد، سفیرپیشین ایلت متحده در افغانستان و عراق و سازمان ملل اساسا خواندن خاطرات افراد مهمی که با آنها معاصر باشی و از فید بک های رفتاری که آنها نقل میکنند، خاطره داشته باشی، خیلی شیرین تر می شود.آقای خلیل زاد یک افغانستانی عادی بوده که بابورسیه آمریکایی ها در کودکی به آنجا رفته و نهایتا یک مقام عالیرتبه سیاسی شده است. اصالت افغانی اش و میزان تحصیلات عالیه اش همزمان با حمله آمریکا به افغانستان موقعیت خوبی در اختیار زلمای گذاشت. در اوج اشغال افغانستان و دعواهای رهبران سیاسی و مذهبی در آن کشور، توانست در ایجاد توافق گروهها نقش مهمی داشته باشد. مهمترین کارش جلب توافق همه برای پیش نویس قانون اساسی بود که در آن قوانین اسلامی به رسمیت شناخته شده ولی در محموع، حکومت اسلامی نیست. قوانین عرفی هم وجود دارد. وقتی توانست برای قانون اساسی افغانستان رای گیری کند، کاخ سفیدِ بوشِ دوم او را خیلی تحسین کردند. و به همین دلیل بعد سقوط صدام او را به عنوان سفیر به عراق فرستادند. در عراق با همان الگوی افغانستان برای نوشتن قانون اساسی اقدام کرد.مدعی است آیه الله سیستانی هم گفته بودند که قانون اساسی افغانستان خوب تنظیم شده و علاقمند بوده اند چنین الگویی در عراق پیاده شود. اما تشتت آرا و مساله مذهبی سنی وشیعه که به قطب های سیاسی منطقه وصل بودند، و سیاست های متضاد کاخ سفید جلوی موفقیت او را در عراق گرفت. در دوران نمایندگی سازمان ملل وریاست شورای امنیت هم درگیر مسایل کوزوو،زیمبامبوه،گرجستان و دارفور شده بود. در این موارد هم با کشورهای دیگر درگیر شده بود ونتوانسته بود موفق شود. خودش از اینکه هژمونی آمریکا در دنیا کم شده، نگران است. البته نکته تاسف بار نقش قیم مابانه ای است که آقای سفیر با گروههای سیاسی افغانستان و عراق داشته است. کتابِ خواندنیِ فرستنده توسط مصطفی احمدی ترجمه وکتاب کوله پشتی آن را منتشر کرده است. اول خرداد ۹۶ برای مجله کرگدن نوشتم

  2. 4 out of 5

    Mostafa

    ابتدا 3 نکته را عرض کنم؛ 1- بسیار مشتاق شدم به خواندن کتاب خاطراتِ سیاستمداران. اشتیاقی که پیش از این نداشتم. 2- این کتاب را حتما بخوانید اما هرگز سمت ترجمه آن نروید زیرا که هم پر از سانسور و هم پر از ایراد است (کتاب انگلیسی را مطالعه کنید). 3- دیگر هرگز کتاب خاطراتی را با ترجمه فارسی نخواهم خواهند. توضیحی درباره نکات بالا: اخیرا مشاهده کردم که هارون نجفیزاده، یکی از خبرنگاران بیبیسی فارسی، این کتاب را ترجمه کرده است. بخشهایی از کتاب را خواندم و مشتاق شدم که بخرم و بخوانمش. از آنجایی که ترجمه نجفی ابتدا 3 نکته را عرض کنم؛ 1- بسیار مشتاق شدم به خواندن کتاب خاطراتِ سیاستمداران. اشتیاقی که پیش از این نداشتم. 2- این کتاب را حتما بخوانید اما هرگز سمت ترجمه آن نروید زیرا که هم پر از سانسور و هم پر از ایراد است (کتاب انگلیسی را مطالعه کنید). 3- دیگر هرگز کتاب خاطراتی را با ترجمه فارسی نخواهم خواهند. توضیحی درباره نکات بالا: اخیرا مشاهده کردم که هارون نجفی‌زاده، یکی از خبرنگاران بی‌بی‌سی فارسی، این کتاب را ترجمه کرده است. بخش‌هایی از کتاب را خواندم و مشتاق شدم که بخرم و بخوانمش. از آنجایی که ترجمه نجفی‌زاده در ایران موجود نیست، ترجمه نشر کوله‌پشتی را خواندم که آقای احمدی زحمت آن را کشیده است. پس از تهیه کتاب متوجه شدم که آن بخش‌هایی که در ترجمه نجفی‌زاده بود در این کتاب وجود ندارد؛ با به قول معروف زیر تیغ سانسور وزارت ارشاد جا مانده است! در همان اوایل خواندن به مترجم کتاب پیغام دادم و ضمن تشکر ازشان پرسیدم آیا حذفیات کتاب تنها همین‌ها هست (که حدود 1 صفحه می‌شد) و اگر نیست بگویید که من نسخه انگلیسی کتاب را بخوانم. چون کامل بودنِ کتاب برایم بسیار مهم است. مترجم محترم پاسخی مبهم دادند که رویکرد کتاب وفاداری است و این بخش مربوط به ممیزی بوده (چیزی درباره دیگر بخش‌ها نگفتند). من اما اعتماد نکردم و در کنار متن فارسی متن انگلیسی را هم مطالعه کردم. در پایان کتاب با هایلایت‌کردن تمام قسمت‌های سانسورشده و یادداشتشان و با حسابی سرانگشتی متوجه شدم که حدود 2600 کلمه، چیزی بالغ بر 5 صفحه از کتاب، سانسور شده است! به عبارتی در بیش از 90% جاهایی از کتاب که نام «ایران» آمده بود، ارشاد آن را سانسور کرده بود. از سانسورهای کلیدواژه‌ای و تک جمله‌ای، تا سانسورهایی 5 6 پاراگرافی! از مترجم کتاب خرده‌ای نمی‌گیرم، از آن افرادی خرده‌ می‌گیرم که حس می‌کنند می‌شود در این عصر اینترنت و اطلاعات اقدام به سانسور کنند! شاید اینان گمان می‌کنند که افراد هم مثل خودشان بویی از سواد و زبان خارجی نبرده‌اند و به ترجمه‌هایی که از زیر تیغشان گذر کرده اعتماد می‌کنند! البته این را هم بگویم؛ به چیز حدود 7 8 بخش (از بیش از 30 بخش حذف شده) تقریبا دیگر بخش‌های سانسورشده برایم تازگی نداشتند و خواننده‌ای که با تاریخ و تحولات منطقه و ایران آشنا باشد با نخواندن قسمت‌های حذف شده چیز چندان زیادی از دست نمی‌دهد، مگر اینکه حس مرا یابد که فکر می‌کنم به شعورم توهین شده است! اما به هرحال عدو سبب خیر شد! و علاوه‌بر اینکه اشتیاقم به خواندن کتاب خاطرات بیشتر شد، از این به بعد کتاب‌های خاطرات را به زبان انگلیسی خواهم خواند. پیشنهادم به شما هم همین است. متن، متن سنگینی نیست و بسیار روان است. از خواندن کتاب به زبان اصلی نترسید. :) و اما درباره نویسنده؛ زلمی خلیلزاد سفیر آمریکا در افغانستان و عراق و همچنین نماینده آمریکا در سازمان بوده است. از سابقه وی و برهه ماموریتش، که برمی‌گردد به پس از حمله آمریکا به این دو کشور، می‌توان به اهمیت او در سیاست خارجی آمریکا در آن برهه پی برد. خلیلزاد یک جمهوری‌خواه است و حتی در دولت ترامپ نیز صحبت از پست وزارت خارجه برای او می‌شد. وی سابقه همکاری در دولت ریگان، بوش پدر و بوش پسر را داراست و اوج پختگی او نیز مربوط به آخرین آن است. خلیلزاد که متولد افغانستان است با اتفاقاتی که در اوایل کتاب توضیح می‌دهد مسیر زندگی‌اش را در آمریکا می‌یابد و آنجا را برای دستیابی به رویایش انتخاب می‌کند. از دورانی که به عنوان دانش‌آموز به آمریکا می‌رود تا در یک دوره مشترک شرکت کند و بعد از آن به دانشگاه آمریکایی بیروت و سپس سر از دانشگاه شیکاگو درمی‌آورد و تحصیلات تکمیلی خود را در آنجا در علوم سیاسی به اتمام می‌رساند. در رزومه معتبر و پربار او می‌توان به شاگردی مورتون کاپلان، استاد برجسته روابط بین‌الملل، و آلبرت ولستترِ استراتژیست و مشهور تا استادی دانشگاه کلمبیا اشاره کرد. راه‌یابی او به واشنگتن نیز علاوه‌بر استعداد فردی‌اش از همان شاگردی و همکاری با ولستتر نشات می‌گیرد. درباره کتاب؛ کتاب از 3 بخش تشکیل شده است. بخش اول به زندگی شخصی خلیزاد و سرگذشت و راه‌یابی‌اش به مدارج و سطوح بالا می‌پردازد. جوانی که علی‌رغم آمریکایی نبودن به سفیری آمریکا و رفاقت با بوشِ پسر و ورود به اتاق بیضی می‌رسد. این راه پیشرفتی که آمریکا پیش روی مهاجران می‌گذارد یکی از نقاط قوت آمریکا به شمار می‌رود. چیزی که خلیلزاد نیز بارها به آن اشاره می‌کند. در این دوران وی اتفاقات افغانستان را از اندیشکده‌های آمریکایی رصد می‌کرد و نظرات وی درباره اشغال افغانستان توسط شوروی بود که راه ورود وی به واشنگتن و دولت ریگان را هموار می‌سازد. پس از فروپاشی شوروی و پایان نظام دوقطبی است که خلیلزاد به عنوان یک استراتژیست وارد عمل می‌شود و توصیه‌هایی برای سیاست خارجی آمریکا در دوره پس از فروپاشی شوروی می‌کند. هرچند این بار آمریکا دیگر نتوانست همچون آغاز دوره جنگ سرد فردی به مهارت و نبوغ آقای X (همان جرج کنان معروف) بیابد که شالوده سیاست آمریکا در جنگ سرد را بنا کند. بخش بعدی به دوران نماینگی ویژه او در افغانستان و در مقام سفیری برمی‌گردد. وی از جانب بوش مامور می‌شود که پس از حمله آمریکا به افغانستان برای پایان‌دادن به جنگ داخلی و سرنگونی طالبان سریع با کمک بزرگان قبایل و اقوام افغانستان دولت ائتلافی را تشکیل و پیشنویس قانون اساسی جدید افغانستان را تهیه کند. یکی از پاسخ‌ها به این سوال که چرا آمریکا در افغانستان به موفقیت نسبی رسید اما در عراق شکست خورد، می‌تواند حضور فردی به نام خلیلزاد باشد. خلیلزادی که خوب ساختار و فرهنگ و قبایل افغانستان را می‌شناخت و همین امر هم به پیشبرد منافع آمریکا در افغانستان کمک قابل توجهی کرد و هم برقراری نظم و ثبات و دموکراسی در این کشور. هرچند به گمان من شاید مهم‌ترین دلیلش این است که افغانستانِ پیش از حمله یک «جهان هابزی» بود و کافی بود که خلیلزاد و آمریکا یک «لویاتان» بیابند، اما عراق پیش از حمله یک «لویاتانِ» هرچند بسیار بی‌رحم و خونخوار، داشت و مسیر عراق و افغانستان در جهت عکس هم بود. سرنگونی لویاتانِ عراق منجر به روی کارآمدن لویاتانی دیگر نشد؛ بلکه اول جهانی هابزی درست شد و در این جهان «جنگ همه علیه همه» رخ داد. کتاب دارای نکات بسیاری از منطقه و تحولات آن است. خلیلزاد علی‌رغم اینکه به بوش نزدیک است اما او را نقد هم می‌کند و وی را به دلیل سیاست‌های اشتباهش سرزنش می‌کند. اما باید گفت که وی از طرفداران حمله به آمریکا بوده و است. وی در کتاب بارها و بارها به عدم هماهنگی وزارت خارجه و وزارت دفاع در زمینه تصمیم‌گیری برای عراق اشاره می‌کند. خلیلزاد همچنین معتقد است بیرون رفتنِ ناگهانی نیروهای نظامی آمریکا، و در پی آن خلاء قدرت، بعثی‌زدایی شدید و رفتار فرقه‌گرایانه بزرگان عراق در تصمیم‌گیری از دلایل اصلی قدرت گرفتنِ داعش بود. اگر نسخه انگلیسی کتاب را مطالعه بفرمایید نکات بسیاری در آن درباره ایران و ارتباطش با تحولات عراق نهفته است. بخش سوم کتاب نیز به نوعی دوره آسایش خلیلزاد است. وی که سختی‌های سکونت در افغانستان را به جان خرید این بار در نیویورک، در طبقه 42 هتل والدورف، ساکن می‌شود تا به عنوان نماینده آمریکا در سازمان ملل خدمت نماید. وی در این بخش به تحولات و دسته‌بندی‌های سازمان ملل، کشورها و همچنین اصلاحات موردنیاز در این سازمان اشاره دارد. ساختار فکری و رویکرد خلیلزاد چیزی مخلوط از واقع‌گرایی و لیبرالیسم در روابط بین‌الملل است. او همانطور که به موازنه قدرت اهمیت می‌دهد اما به ارزش‌هایی لیبرال دموکراسی و حقوق بشر نیز وفادار است و سعی می‌کند این دو را باهم پیش ببرد. هرچند پیشبرد این دو در کنار هم گاهی با تعارضاتی روبه‌روست که دیپلمات‌ها ناگزیر در انتخاب بین آرمانگرایی و عملگرایی، دومی را انتخاب می‌کنند. خلیلزاد هم از این قاعده مسثتنی نیست. در قسمت آخر نیز خلیلزاد پیشنهادات و استراتژی‌هایی برای چالش‌های جهان در آینده و کارهایی که آمریکا لازم است انجام دهد ارائه می‌دهد. خلیلزاد چالش‌های پیش‌روی آمریکا را در 6 چیز می‌بیند: فروپاشی نظم در کشورهای در حال توسعه؛ ظهور تروریسم؛بحران سه‌گانه در اروپا در از دست دادن اعتماد به بروکسل؛ تهدیدات روسیه؛ مناقشات بزرگتر در خاورمیانه؛ و استیلای چین بر منطقه. سپس برای هریک از این موارد به ارائه نظر و پیشنهاداتی می‌پردازد. البته شاید اگر خلیلزاد بخواهد کتابش را به‌روزرسانی کند ناگزیر است که از یک چالش جدید برای جهان و آمریکا نیز نام ببرد؛ ظهور ترامپ و پوپولیسم!

  3. 5 out of 5

    Jessica

    In the true style of a diplomat, Zalmay Khalilzad presents a refreshingly non-partisan account of his life experiences. No doubt, his experiences early in life as an exchange student in California, then a college student in Beirut and Chicago shaped the person he became; however, other uncontrollable factors like being the oldest son and having a liberal mother who believed in education for all genders also seem to have played a large role in molding his early mindset. While it's clear that many In the true style of a diplomat, Zalmay Khalilzad presents a refreshingly non-partisan account of his life experiences. No doubt, his experiences early in life as an exchange student in California, then a college student in Beirut and Chicago shaped the person he became; however, other uncontrollable factors like being the oldest son and having a liberal mother who believed in education for all genders also seem to have played a large role in molding his early mindset. While it's clear that many things worked in Khalilzad's favor, it does not detract from his impressive experiences, strategic mind, and objective analysis of his life. Khalilzad comes across as very proud of his accomplishments, as he should be. More importantly, this book made me realize how little I know about modern day foreign policy. I know many details about the Revolution War, the Civil War, both World Wars, etc. as a product of true American education, but very little of what has happened during my lifetime. This means that I have very little knowledge with which to anticipate in the near future. This book pushed me to look up the various events, figureheads, and treaties Khalilzad references with enviable familiarity. Beyond even that, Khalilzad emphasizes that diplomacy is a dangerous balance of a need to maintain diplomatic relationships and what is actually moral in a particular situation, a balance that tempts favoring the former. I think that this book also reveals how different today's climate seems to be, in contrast with Khalilzad's own experience in California as a high schooler—less welcoming, less open-minded and unfortunately prejudiced. Khalilzad's memoir demonstrates how important it is for this generation to shed ethnocentrism in favor of empathy in order to fully understand the true nature and intentions of the threats facing us today. Note: I received this book through the Goodreads Giveaway Program

  4. 4 out of 5

    Ahmad hosseini

    Book includes Mr. Khalilzad's memoir is from childhood until he was ambassador to Iraq. These include both Mr. Khalilzad's personal memoirs and his political memoirs. Of course, much of the book's focus is on politics. The book describes the political situation in the Middle East well and identifies many of the tensions between the countries in the region. At the same time, reading the book can help you understand the US government's planning and implementation of programs in the region. Another Book includes Mr. Khalilzad's memoir is from childhood until he was ambassador to Iraq. These include both Mr. Khalilzad's personal memoirs and his political memoirs. Of course, much of the book's focus is on politics. The book describes the political situation in the Middle East well and identifies many of the tensions between the countries in the region. At the same time, reading the book can help you understand the US government's planning and implementation of programs in the region. Another point that can be reached by reading the book is the weakness of the countries in the region. What are the major weaknesses in the way countries in the region think and act and how does a country like the United States use these weaknesses against these countries through study and research.

  5. 4 out of 5

    Suleiman Amanzad

    No matter what you might think of Zalmai Khalilzad, his autobiography is a proof, that no matter how far or how long you may be away from Afghanistan, your heart will still beat for this country and that as long as there is one Afghan in the world, this country will survive.

  6. 4 out of 5

    Cliff

    Zalmay Khalilzad, unlike his predecessor at the UN, John Bolton, didn't make nearly as many headlines, beyond being the most high-ranking Muslim in the history of the American Government and the "historic" nature of his appointment. Perhaps it's for the best. Headlines aren't really his style. Having discussions over dinner in a small hut in Afghanistan (he was Ambassador there after the US invasion before becoming UN Ambassador) or a hallway in Iraq (Ditto), are more his speed. The interesting Zalmay Khalilzad, unlike his predecessor at the UN, John Bolton, didn't make nearly as many headlines, beyond being the most high-ranking Muslim in the history of the American Government and the "historic" nature of his appointment. Perhaps it's for the best. Headlines aren't really his style. Having discussions over dinner in a small hut in Afghanistan (he was Ambassador there after the US invasion before becoming UN Ambassador) or a hallway in Iraq (Ditto), are more his speed. The interesting nature of Mr. Khalilzad's story is twofold: One, like Obama-era Ambassador to China Gary Locke, he's the first person to go "back" to "his" country as an Ambassador from America. That says something about America. And two, is the thoughtful and knowledgable approach he took to some unprecedented situations and how his background aided them. He was one of the few who understood America and the Islamic world with equal ease and felt comfortable both places. I can't imagine many others who could say that to the degree Khalilzad can. Of all the incredible stories he told and advise he gave, the one I found most frustrating/fascinating was his insistence that the U.S. help legitimately Democratic parties in Iraq during their first election, since Iran was hell-bent on supporting the parties more favorable toward its interests, and the U.S. not doing so for fear of "interfering." He bitterly complained that he was unable to convince Washington of the need to do something more to help our more truly Democratic allies. He convinced me, anyway, that it was a major mistake that has lead to some of the problems we've had since. In any event, very worth reading. Many of his observations remain timely and his experience in Afghanistan, in Iraq, and in America, really say a lot about not only U.S. foreign policy but on world events in most places in the past few decades. Highly recommended.

  7. 4 out of 5

    نبيه العاكوم

    وضعت الخمسة نجوم كاملة للكتاب، ليس إعجاباً بالسفير زالماي بتاتاً، إنما لنجاحه المستحق وجهده في نقل تجربته إلينا عبر هذا الكتاب. زالماي هو أفغاني الأصل والمنشأ، لكنه ليس أفغانياً. زالماي أميركياً حتى النخاع، لم ألحظ أي إشارة إلى اعتزازه بأصله، بل كان مجتهداً تماماً في أداء لعمله كسياسي أميركي تبوأ عدة مناصب في وزارة الخارجية. هو إضافة مهمة للبيروقراطية الأميركية، كونه عمل كسفير في أفغانستان، فأضاف إلى اجتهاده وخبرته، معرفته الكافية في تفاصيل المجتمع الأفغاني ولغته الأفغانية أيضاً التي سهلت له وضعت الخمسة نجوم كاملة للكتاب، ليس إعجاباً بالسفير زالماي بتاتاً، إنما لنجاحه المستحق وجهده في نقل تجربته إلينا عبر هذا الكتاب. زالماي هو أفغاني الأصل والمنشأ، لكنه ليس أفغانياً. زالماي أميركياً حتى النخاع، لم ألحظ أي إشارة إلى اعتزازه بأصله، بل كان مجتهداً تماماً في أداء لعمله كسياسي أميركي تبوأ عدة مناصب في وزارة الخارجية. هو إضافة مهمة للبيروقراطية الأميركية، كونه عمل كسفير في أفغانستان، فأضاف إلى اجتهاده وخبرته، معرفته الكافية في تفاصيل المجتمع الأفغاني ولغته الأفغانية أيضاً التي سهلت له التواصل مع مختلف الشرائح وإيجاد حلول مستحيلة في مجتمع متعدد الأعراق. نقل لنا تجربته في أفغانستان أثناء عمله كسفير وأيضاً في العراق، لنخرج بمعلومات قيمة في كيفية فهم السياسة الأميركية اتجاه الشرق الأوسط. يستحق القراءة.

  8. 4 out of 5

    The American Conservative

    Midway through this earnest but peculiarly lifeless memoir, Zalmay Khalilzad recalls with evident pride a moment in 2005 when President George W. Bush commended him for being “some kind of a magician.” Then serving as U.S. ambassador in Baghdad, Khalilzad had earned this accolade by nudging competing factions on the Iraqi political scene to ratify a draft constitution. Here, it seemed, was a signal achievement, evidence that U.S. efforts to transform Iraq into a stable liberal democracy were Midway through this earnest but peculiarly lifeless memoir, Zalmay Khalilzad recalls with evident pride a moment in 2005 when President George W. Bush commended him for being “some kind of a magician.” Then serving as U.S. ambassador in Baghdad, Khalilzad had earned this accolade by nudging competing factions on the Iraqi political scene to ratify a draft constitution. Here, it seemed, was a signal achievement, evidence that U.S. efforts to transform Iraq into a stable liberal democracy were bearing fruit. As with so many other milestones and turning points in recent U.S. policy, this one turned out to be illusory. As a magician, Khalilzad proved something of a flop. http://www.theamericanconservative.co...

  9. 5 out of 5

    Marlene

    The author states in his acknowledgments that Colin Powell advised him to write his life story rather than a policy book. He did much of that and I found it very interesting. He certainly put in a lot of work in Afghanistan and Iraq under some very impossible conditions. I admire him for his work. However, I do think that his idea was to write about policy and it was hard for him to not do that. Joe Citizen has neither the knowledge nor the ability to deal with U.S. policy and I found those The author states in his acknowledgments that Colin Powell advised him to write his life story rather than a policy book. He did much of that and I found it very interesting. He certainly put in a lot of work in Afghanistan and Iraq under some very impossible conditions. I admire him for his work. However, I do think that his idea was to write about policy and it was hard for him to not do that. Joe Citizen has neither the knowledge nor the ability to deal with U.S. policy and I found those sections to be a bit tedious.

  10. 5 out of 5

    Wes F

    Khalilzad gives a great personal & close-up tour of some very significant times in modern history--especially with regards to America's post-9/11 involvement in Afghanistan and Iraq. Amazing that a man who grew up in Mazar-e-Sharif & Kabul found himself in the inner circle of leaders from the most powerful country of the world at such a critical time. Khalilzad made a difference in these engagements, though his counsel was not always listened to or acted on. Remarkable man with a deep Khalilzad gives a great personal & close-up tour of some very significant times in modern history--especially with regards to America's post-9/11 involvement in Afghanistan and Iraq. Amazing that a man who grew up in Mazar-e-Sharif & Kabul found himself in the inner circle of leaders from the most powerful country of the world at such a critical time. Khalilzad made a difference in these engagements, though his counsel was not always listened to or acted on. Remarkable man with a deep grasp of geopolitics.

  11. 4 out of 5

    Awais Azam

    This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. I found this book as intriguing study for ones who wanna know if they can move in the life ahead. the story starts from his early life in Afghanistan which clearly and truthfully described by him. Then his journey through life took him to high echelons of policy circles in USA. This contrast is very much encouraging for all the people who wanna see hope in other people's life stories.

  12. 4 out of 5

    Chase Metcalf

    Interesting perspective on Ambassador Khalilzad life and more importantly his role and assessment of the evolution of Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts.

  13. 5 out of 5

    Omid Zehtab

    فرستاد باید فرستادهای/ درون پر ز مکر و برون سادهای فرستاده باید که دانا بود / به گفتن توانا و بینا بود فرودسی فرستاد باید فرستاده‌ای/ درون پر ز مکر و برون ساده‌ای فرستاده باید که دانا بود / به گفتن توانا و بینا بود فرودسی

  14. 5 out of 5

    Mike Slawdog

    Disclaimer: I received this book for free through a Goodreads Giveaway. Khalilzad has lived an interesting life, which is shown in this book. He discusses his upbringing in Afghanistan and travels in his youth before diving into his career in politics. As the title divulges, he was the US ambassador to Afghanistan after 9/11, was subsequently moved to the ambassador position in Iraq, and later served as the US ambassador to the UN. Thus, he has a pretty wide-range of perspectives and stories. At Disclaimer: I received this book for free through a Goodreads Giveaway. Khalilzad has lived an interesting life, which is shown in this book. He discusses his upbringing in Afghanistan and travels in his youth before diving into his career in politics. As the title divulges, he was the US ambassador to Afghanistan after 9/11, was subsequently moved to the ambassador position in Iraq, and later served as the US ambassador to the UN. Thus, he has a pretty wide-range of perspectives and stories. At first I thought this book was taking on a sort of rose-colored view of the world, but once he begins describing his interactions with the Bush Administration and Afghans in the aftermath of 9/11 he begins to take a more blunt and straightforward tack. Khalilzad describes the situations he was in, his resolutions (or attempted ones), and when necessary, how he felt things could've been done better. Overall this presents a good insider's perspective to some of the most prescient foreign policy moments in the past decade. There are a few downsides to the book, however. The first is that he does retain something of a partisan outlook. For example, Khalilzad criticizes Obama for withdrawing troops from Iraq, which ultimately destabilized the country. While this is true, he leaves out the fact that Obama fought for legal protection for US troops in Iraq, and only made the decision to withdraw when that wasn't granted. The other disappointing aspect of the book is that it sort of fizzles out toward the end; while the beginning chapters have themes and depth, the last two chapters are very lengthy and simply provide scattered anecdotes of Khalilzad's time in Iraq and then the UN. This felt less thorough then the writing on Afghanistan and his upbringing, and it almost felt as though he ran out of energy or had no over-arching ideas to present for those major stretches in his career. I think this book provides a solid depiction of US foreign affairs from a diplomat who was truly on the front lines and interacting with major foreign players. While I'd take some of the opinions with a grain of salt, I found the book to be enjoyable and enlightening overall.

  15. 5 out of 5

    The American Conservative

    Midway through this earnest but peculiarly lifeless memoir, Zalmay Khalilzad recalls with evident pride a moment in 2005 when President George W. Bush commended him for being “some kind of a magician.” Then serving as U.S. ambassador in Baghdad, Khalilzad had earned this accolade by nudging competing factions on the Iraqi political scene to ratify a draft constitution. Here, it seemed, was a signal achievement, evidence that U.S. efforts to transform Iraq into a stable liberal democracy were Midway through this earnest but peculiarly lifeless memoir, Zalmay Khalilzad recalls with evident pride a moment in 2005 when President George W. Bush commended him for being “some kind of a magician.” Then serving as U.S. ambassador in Baghdad, Khalilzad had earned this accolade by nudging competing factions on the Iraqi political scene to ratify a draft constitution. Here, it seemed, was a signal achievement, evidence that U.S. efforts to transform Iraq into a stable liberal democracy were bearing fruit. Read our full review, "Don’t Blame Me, I’m Just the Viceroy," at our website: http://www.theamericanconservative.co...

  16. 4 out of 5

    Russell R Miller

    Steeped in policy The chapters I enjoyed most in the book were the early ones describing his growing up and his White House and ambassadorship trying to bring order to to Afghanistan. When he gets to Iraq I found the complexity and intricacy of trying to work out deals possibly obscured our overall understanding that might have done in a more sparse manner. One can not but admire his patriotism and effort. His final chapters are consistent with the interventionist model that many in Washington Steeped in policy The chapters I enjoyed most in the book were the early ones describing his growing up and his White House and ambassadorship trying to bring order to to Afghanistan. When he gets to Iraq I found the complexity and intricacy of trying to work out deals possibly obscured our overall understanding that might have done in a more sparse manner. One can not but admire his patriotism and effort. His final chapters are consistent with the interventionist model that many in Washington would have the nation pursue.

  17. 4 out of 5

    Leah

    This book was interesting. It could have been a great story. I think I had trouble with the writing though. It just didn't bring me in and I wanted to read the story and find out more about his life but in the end I just felt like I couldn't read it. I did finish it, but it pained me, which made me sad. *I received this book for free through the Good Reads First Reads program.

  18. 5 out of 5

    Mustafa Kazemi

    Compelling and crystal clear view of the diplomatic, intelligence and military relations between Afghanistan, the U.S., and Iraq. Provides a near-exact view of what being on the frontline in Afghanistan looks like.

  19. 4 out of 5

    Popal

    Was interesting book worth reading it ones

  20. 5 out of 5

    Ahmad Nawid

    a great book on Afghanistan of after 2001

  21. 4 out of 5

    Diana Petty-stone

    Zal Khalilzad gives us an inside view of America trying to help Afghanistan and Iraq to become democratic countries. A very good read!

  22. 4 out of 5

    Tony

  23. 5 out of 5

    Jeff

  24. 4 out of 5

    Erik Thoresen

  25. 4 out of 5

    Alex

  26. 5 out of 5

    Richard Crawford

  27. 4 out of 5

    Saf

  28. 4 out of 5

    Megan Beltinck

  29. 5 out of 5

    Toby

  30. 5 out of 5

    Alirahmati

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