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The Baltic Revolution: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and the Path to Independence

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World attention has focused on the newly independent Baltic states of Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania, as they struggle to become politically and economically viable. In this timely book, Anatol Lieven presents an intimate and engaging portrait of the history and culture of the Baltic states from their ancient origins to their contemporary status. He explores the culture an World attention has focused on the newly independent Baltic states of Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania, as they struggle to become politically and economically viable. In this timely book, Anatol Lieven presents an intimate and engaging portrait of the history and culture of the Baltic states from their ancient origins to their contemporary status. He explores the culture and personality of the Baltic peoples, their religious and racial differences, their relations with Russia and with the West, and their prospects for the future. Lieven begins by describing the ancient Baltic peoples, their conquest by the Christians, the evolution of the Lithuanian empire and their union with Poland, and the experience of the Baltic provinces under the Russian Empire. He then looks at the countries' first struggle for independence in 1918, the failure of democracy and the establishment of authoritarian regimes, and the Soviet annexation of the Baltic in 1940. Lieven discusses the class structure of the Baltics and the ethnic tensions that have existed between the Germans, Jews, Poles, and Russians who live there. Drawing on a wide range of sources including interviews, newspaper accounts, and his own observations, he describes and analyzes the rise of national movements in each of the three countries after Glastnost. He concludes by discussing the new constitutions and the elections of 1992, the current forces of order, the demolition of the Soviet economies, and the possibilities for democracy and Europeanization or for ethnic conflict and nationalist dictatorship.


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World attention has focused on the newly independent Baltic states of Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania, as they struggle to become politically and economically viable. In this timely book, Anatol Lieven presents an intimate and engaging portrait of the history and culture of the Baltic states from their ancient origins to their contemporary status. He explores the culture an World attention has focused on the newly independent Baltic states of Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania, as they struggle to become politically and economically viable. In this timely book, Anatol Lieven presents an intimate and engaging portrait of the history and culture of the Baltic states from their ancient origins to their contemporary status. He explores the culture and personality of the Baltic peoples, their religious and racial differences, their relations with Russia and with the West, and their prospects for the future. Lieven begins by describing the ancient Baltic peoples, their conquest by the Christians, the evolution of the Lithuanian empire and their union with Poland, and the experience of the Baltic provinces under the Russian Empire. He then looks at the countries' first struggle for independence in 1918, the failure of democracy and the establishment of authoritarian regimes, and the Soviet annexation of the Baltic in 1940. Lieven discusses the class structure of the Baltics and the ethnic tensions that have existed between the Germans, Jews, Poles, and Russians who live there. Drawing on a wide range of sources including interviews, newspaper accounts, and his own observations, he describes and analyzes the rise of national movements in each of the three countries after Glastnost. He concludes by discussing the new constitutions and the elections of 1992, the current forces of order, the demolition of the Soviet economies, and the possibilities for democracy and Europeanization or for ethnic conflict and nationalist dictatorship.

30 review for The Baltic Revolution: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and the Path to Independence

  1. 4 out of 5

    Vaida

    Jau nebe pirmą kartą maloniai skaitinėju šią puikiu žurnalistiniu stiliumi parašytą Baltijos šalių nacionalizmo studiją. Labai įdomu palyginti šiandieninės mūsų valstybės (bei kaimynių latvių ir estų) realijas su 1993 m. perspektyva. Džiugu konstatuoti, kad daugeliu atveju šio įžvalgaus autoriaus gana pesimistinės prognozės nepasiteisino, ir kad politinė, ekonominė Baltijos valstybių pažanga pranoko drąsiausius to meto spėjimus. Kita vertus, kai kurios Lieveno diagnozės, pavyzdžiui tautinio "fem Jau nebe pirmą kartą maloniai skaitinėju šią puikiu žurnalistiniu stiliumi parašytą Baltijos šalių nacionalizmo studiją. Labai įdomu palyginti šiandieninės mūsų valstybės (bei kaimynių latvių ir estų) realijas su 1993 m. perspektyva. Džiugu konstatuoti, kad daugeliu atveju šio įžvalgaus autoriaus gana pesimistinės prognozės nepasiteisino, ir kad politinė, ekonominė Baltijos valstybių pažanga pranoko drąsiausius to meto spėjimus. Kita vertus, kai kurios Lieveno diagnozės, pavyzdžiui tautinio "feminizmo", patriotinio fetišizmo, "istorinės" mitologijos klausimais išlieka vertos dėmesio. Man asmeniškai pats įdomiausias pirmasis knygos skyrius, kuriame aptariamas tautinis kiekvienos Baltijos tautos charakteris, toks kokį jį mato stebėtojas prašalaitis ir, žinoma, toks, kokį mes patys trokštame jį jam pateikti.

  2. 5 out of 5

    Joy

    A bit outdated since it came out in 93/94, but the background information about the Baltic States was very useful in understanding the current state of affairs in these countries. I especially enjoyed the translations and excerpt of literature and poetry from the region.

  3. 5 out of 5

    Vytas R

    Quite outdated now. But honest, incisive eyewitness account by Lieven of that crucial period (1988-1991) in Europe’s modern history. Would love to see vol 2, with Lieven revisiting Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia now, in 2020.

  4. 4 out of 5

    Karen!

    A bit long, this book does a nice job in dealing with the full history of this region. Including the landscape in the history, this book truly examines all of the angles. I would love to see an updated version, as the publication was nearly 20 years ago! Despite this shortcoming, the information is enlightening for someone trying to grasp the heritage and influences present in the region.

  5. 4 out of 5

    Ammon

  6. 4 out of 5

    Ch Nazir

  7. 4 out of 5

    Gary

  8. 4 out of 5

    Maty

  9. 4 out of 5

    DoctorM

  10. 4 out of 5

    Ryan

  11. 5 out of 5

    Yvan Ysla

  12. 4 out of 5

    Willow Croft

  13. 4 out of 5

    Patrick Cooley

  14. 5 out of 5

    Jurga Kra

  15. 5 out of 5

    Vyta

  16. 5 out of 5

    Ryan

  17. 5 out of 5

    Raphael Avital

  18. 5 out of 5

    Nicholaus B Cummins

  19. 5 out of 5

    Roland Clark

  20. 5 out of 5

    Dan

  21. 4 out of 5

    Chris

  22. 5 out of 5

    Mark Schrad

  23. 4 out of 5

    Gediminas

  24. 5 out of 5

    Tom

  25. 4 out of 5

    Dustin

  26. 5 out of 5

    Denis

  27. 5 out of 5

    Monika Auks

  28. 4 out of 5

    The Orwell Prize

  29. 5 out of 5

    Terriann Herlihy

  30. 4 out of 5

    Račelė Kraučaitė

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